By Richard J. A. Talbert
Ancient views encompasses an enormous arc of house and time—Western Asia to North Africa and Europe from the 3rd millennium BCE to the 5th century CE—to discover mapmaking and worldviews within the historic civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. In every one society, maps served as serious financial, political, and private instruments, yet there has been little consistency in how and why they have been made. very similar to this day, maps in antiquity intended very various things to assorted people.
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67 Modern literature dealing with the indigenous peoples of Illyricum is given in the next chapter. The studies on the Roman conquest of this area and general regional studies of Illyricum in prehistory and antiquity are still in the process of entering into their post-processual phase. 68 Roman interactions with the peoples of what would become Illyricum embraced a number of diﬀerent narratives, not only related to the process of Roman political expansion, but also to the simultaneous and profound social, economic and political transformation in the region that was becoming part of the ‘global’ Mediterranean world.
Syme 1933c; Wilkes 1965a; Gilliver 2007. ; Pašalic´ 1956; Bojanovski 1988a: 50–2, etc. Frontin. Str. 15 (the Pannonii ﬁghting in open battle); App. Ill. 26–7 (the Delmatae); App. Ill. 19 (the Iapodes capturing siege machines); Vell. Pat. 3 (Pannonian cavalry). 27 The diplomatic manoeuvres of the Romans are diﬃcult to discern in Illyricum. Except for the Greekspeaking communities in the Adriatic islands whose diplomatic activities are reasonably well attested,28 we do not have evidence for diplomatic conduct with the indigenous polities, except for the Illyrian kingdom.
60 Whom did the Romans encounter in this region? Economic and political power in the eastern Adriatic before the Roman arrival lay with the Hellenistic foundations on the Adriatic islands, such as Issa or Pharus. In fact, the cultural inﬂuence and economic power of Apollonia and Dyrrachium (Durrës)61 lasted much longer and had much more impact on Illyricum than Issa, but in the period under discussion, the political power of these cities was insigniﬁcant for Roman Illyrian aﬀairs. 66 Both cities were faithful Roman allies for whose protection Rome occasionally intervened.
Ancient Perspectives: Maps and Their Place in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome by Richard J. A. Talbert