American Eras: Early American Civilizations and Exploration - download pdf or read online

By Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau

ISBN-10: 0787614785

ISBN-13: 9780787614782

A part of a sequence offering specific details at the eras of pre-twentieth century the US, this quantity contains articles overlaying headlines and headline makers, awards, achievements and different enlightening and interesting evidence on early American civilization.

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The historic Shawnees were most closely linked to the Fort Ancient culture because they practiced the same typical Woodland subsistence techniques and shared a similar material culture. They also hunted and gathered and lived in semipermanent towns in the summer and in scattered hunting camps in the winter. Sources: James L. Phillips and James A. , Archaic Hunters and Gatherers in the American Midwest (New York: Academic Press, 1983); Louise Robbins and Georg K. Neumann, The Prehistoric People of the Fort Ancient Culture of the Central Ohio Valley, Anthropological Papers, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1972).

The Nootkans lived on Vancouver Island and were famous whale hunters. Each summer they gathered at prime whale spots and took to the seas in red-cedar dugout canoes. Like the Salishes, their culture underwent little substantive change over the centuries. As they improved their subsistence techniques they developed into an increasingly more stratified society characterized by wealthy elites, commoners, and slaves. The potlatch, however, helped smooth over social tensions by providing for the redistribution of foodstuffs and other material items.

Early estimates made by anthropologists in the 1920s and 1930s placed the figure at around one million, which fit well with the population of Native Americans living at that time. Subsequent revisions, however, have suggested that the number was somewhere between seven and eighteen million around 1500. How many natives died of disease, starvation, and war-related causes between 1500 and 1600 is impossible to determine. C. Land Bridge. C. in two large movements timed to the rhythmic shrinking and expanding of the world's seas.

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American Eras: Early American Civilizations and Exploration to 1600 (American Eras) by Gretchen D. Starr-Lebeau


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