By Shirley D. Sullivan
Sullivan makes a speciality of 8 key mental phrases - phr n, thumos, kardia, kear, tor, nous, prapides, and psych - that seem often in old Greek texts yet that have a variety of attainable meanings. collecting cases from The Persians, Seven opposed to Thebes, Suppliants, Agamemnon, Choephoroi, and Eumenides (instances from Prometheus sure, whose authorship is in query, are handled in notes and an appendix), Sullivan first examines every one psychic time period individually. She then discusses cases of the phrases in every one play, analyzing the which means of the psychic time period within the context of the play within which apparently and supplying information on Aeschylus' utilization. This ebook sheds gentle at the wealthy and occasionally complicated manner within which Aeschylus makes use of mental terminology and is a superb reference for classicists, psychologists, philosophers, and students of comparative literature.
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Extra info for Aeschylus' Use of Psychological Terminology: Traditional and New
He is aware of the folly of the attack on Thebes (571-86) but still hopes for a "death without dishonour" ( , 589). Eteocles suggests that his poor judgment in joining this unholy venture will bring about his downfall (613-14). Supp. 20 These passages will be discussed fully in chapter 4. " In all these passages phren functions as the seat of intelligence in Zeus. His thoughts are all-powerful; they are always put into effect. Phren itself is hidden and mysterious. 23 Supp. IQIJ. " They are assuring their father that their resolve not to marry will not change.
Achilles says that he detests the person "who hides one thing in his phrenes but says another" (//. l8 Pindar praises the person whose "tongue is not outside his phrenes" (Is. 19 Aeschylus shows us Amphiaraus endowed with good phrenes but acting unwisely. He is aware of the folly of the attack on Thebes (571-86) but still hopes for a "death without dishonour" ( , 589). Eteocles suggests that his poor judgment in joining this unholy venture will bring about his downfall (613-14). Supp. 20 These passages will be discussed fully in chapter 4.
Sept. 967. " West ascribes the line to a Semi-Chorus; others, to Antigone. "122 Ag. 103, 546, 895. In the first passage the Chorus tell Clytemnestra of their current state of mind. They have, at some times, "care" ( ), which is "thinking sad thoughts" ( ). " With three words having the same root, -phr-, we see the activity of phren here being very prominent. 123 At Ag. " We heard above, at Per. "124 At Ag. 895 we find a different reference to phren. Clytemnestra declares that, after much grief in the past (887-94), her phren now has become "griefless" ( ) with Agamemnon's return (895-6) :125 In these lines Aeschylus subtly suggests a profound contrast with the Chorus by the word order he uses.
Aeschylus' Use of Psychological Terminology: Traditional and New by Shirley D. Sullivan