Read e-book online Advances in Haploid Production in Higher Plants PDF

By Alisher Touraev, Brian P. Forster, Shri Mohan Jain

ISBN-10: 1402088531

ISBN-13: 9781402088537

ISBN-10: 140208854X

ISBN-13: 9781402088544

The discovery of haploid Datura vegetation in 1964 initiated nice pleasure in plant breeding and genetics groups. contemporary years have witnessed a resurgence in actions in particular in constructing protocols, settling on genes and mechanisms and massive scale advertisement take up.

The identity of controlling genes has pushed useful genomic reviews which now hyperlink in with experiences in gene expression, metabolism and alterations in telephone ultra-structure. around the world soak up by way of plant breeders has been no much less notable and necessary haploid applied sciences is more and more patent secure. the serious job in haploid learn has additionally led to unforeseen findings with novel applications.

The middle of this e-book relies at the foreign symposium on "Haploidy in greater crops III", (Vienna 2006), which attracted best overseas specialists within the box. different invited contributions were incorporated to supply a rounded view of activities.

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In: Bhojwani SS, Soh WY (eds) Current Trends in the Embryology of Angiosperms. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 451–470 Da Silva Dias JC (1999) Effect of activated charcoal on Brassica oleracea microspore culture embryogenesis. Euphytica 108:65–69 Da Silva Dias JC (2001) Effect of incubation temperature regimes and culture medium on broccoli microspore culture embryogenesis. Euphytica 119:389–394 Da Silva Dias JC (2003) Protocol for broccoli microspore culture. In: Maluszynski M, Kasha KJ, Forster BP, Szarejko I (eds) Doubled Haploid Production in Crop Plants – A Manual.

Origin of Embryos Embryo sacs possess haploid egg cells, but also other cells theoretically capable of forming a haploid embryo, such as synergids, antipodal cells or non-fused polar nuclei. The majority of records indicate that it is the egg cell that is the predominant source of haploid embryos: Beta vulgaris (Ferrant and Bouharmont 1994), Allium cepa (Musial et al. 2001, 2005), Helianthus annuus (Gelebart and San 1987), Hevea brasiliensis (Guo et al. 1982), Hordeum vulgare (Huang et al. 1982), 38 B.

The most commonly used are auxins and cytokinins, others are rare or have subsequently been found to be less useful. Novel polyamines have been reported in onion as a possible replacement for auxins and cytokinins (Martinez et al. 2000), and these empirical results were recently supported by physiological evidence (Geoffriau et al. 2006). The Doubled Haploids via Gynogenesis 39 situation with carbohydrates is similar to phytohormones. , gerbera) the carbohydrate requirement is low. It remains unclear what the triggering factors are (except pollination inductions).

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Advances in Haploid Production in Higher Plants by Alisher Touraev, Brian P. Forster, Shri Mohan Jain

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