By William Edward Maxwell
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Additional info for A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay
Sahaya (lit companion, slave 3. Hamba (lit. slave), or 4. Perhamba 5. Beta 6. Patek 7. T&ui I. (lit. (lit. (lit. (lit. ; Sansk. sahdya). master's slave). (lit. hamba tuan lowest slave). slave). slave). companion). The appropriate use of these pronouns is dependent upon the relative positions of the persons between whom communication takes place. Aku is generally used by natives among themselves. Its It should not be used use implies familiarity and equality. or natives, by natives addressing by Europeans addressing Europeans.
Master's slave). (lit. hamba tuan lowest slave). slave). slave). companion). The appropriate use of these pronouns is dependent upon the relative positions of the persons between whom communication takes place. Aku is generally used by natives among themselves. Its It should not be used use implies familiarity and equality. or natives, by natives addressing by Europeans addressing Europeans. Sahaya is the ordinary polite form used by Europeans in conversation with natives of all classes, and by natives of the class in addressing Europeans.
Followers, the name of the individual addressed is often in- serted in the sentence instead of the pronoun you ; as, in were at the bazaar just now who Apabila Ismail di pekan tadi siapa sama ? In addressing Ismail : When you was with you 1 the same way tuan, haji or sayyid; sir, master, is iuan-ku or tunku, employed my in addressing a lord, in addressing a raja; datoh, grandfather, in addressing a chief or penghulu. MANUAL OF THE MALAY LANGUAGE. 50 Other words similarly employed are Abang (elder brother) or wall (uncle), to a man older than the speaker.
A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay by William Edward Maxwell