By Akira Hirakawa
The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume heritage. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* in advance of Nagarjuna*
and contains the sessions on which Hirakawa did such a lot of his personal prior examine. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 very important reviews on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A examine of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A learn of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These reviews, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, tested his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional background. This learn was once relatively very important in his
formulation of a brand new conception of the increase of Mahayana *. via concentrating on the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied very important proof for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.
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Extra info for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna
P e rh a p s by u n itin g it w ith som e form o f the A bsolute- HoWcver, S a k y a m u n i realized th at w h e n lie e m e r g e d from the tra n ce, his m ind w as still buffered by everyday p ro b lem s. T h u s sim ply q u ietin g the m ind th ro u gh m ed itatio n 'vas not equ ivalent to realising the A bsolute. Medi* talion was useful in discip linin g the m in d ' b u t the A bsolute also h a d a rational quality, which could be realized only th ro ug h w isdom . A n d so S a k y a m u n i left U d ra k a R a m a p u tr a .
O n the basis o f These sources, W ilhelm G eig er calcu lated th at [he B u d d h a died in +’Jj s . c . e . * H e r m a n n Jacobi* using ihe sam e m etho d a n d sources* m a in ta in e d chat the B u d d h a d ied in 484 b . e ’6 T h e J a p a n e s e scholar K a n a k u r a E n sh o has a rriv ed ai the sam e d a t e . 7 T h e " d o tte d re c o rd '' tra n sm itte d alo ng with the C h in e s e tra n sla tio n o f [he T h e r a v a d a c o m m e n ta r y on the Vinapa, ihe Samarttafrdsddikii ( T 14t>2), also indicates a sim ilar date.
A large n u m b e r o f theories were a d v a n c e d co n cernin g the S elf o r en tity (dtmen, jic«a, P. atlan), which ! ra n sm ig ra te d th rou gh birlhs an d deaths* a n d th e realm (lo ta) in which the Self existed. In the Pah Braftmajdiasufta, no less t h a n sixty-two different positions o n these s u b jects a re described. A p articu larly im p o rtan t issue co n cern ed rhe m a n n e r in w hich a co nstan tly c h a n g in g m in d co uld grasp o r perceive ihe u n c h a n g in g aiman thought to exist behind it.
A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna by Akira Hirakawa