By Bruce Kapferer
The Sinhalese exorcism rituals are maybe the main advanced and the main marvelous in functionality nonetheless extant. For this moment variation, the writer has written a brand new preface and creation within which he argues that the ideas of therapeutic in Sri Lanka and the aesthetics of this therapeutic can't be diminished to Western psychoanalytic or psychotherapeutic phrases, and develops new and unique methods to ritual and the cultured often.
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Additional resources for A celebration of demons: Exorcism and the aesthetics of healing in Sri Lanka
In this, ideology does not necessarily lose its overtly consciously reflected aspect, but, as a result of its implication in a social transformation or radical re-ordering of society, becomes a new orthodoxy. There is another aspect to the routinization of ideology which I s t r e s s . Ideology becomes robed in the cloth of culture and is no longer a dimension of the radical transformation of a social order, but it is rather intricately engaged in the reproduction of social and political inequalities.
People do not proselytize their culture, but they do proselytize ideology. In the overt and observable ideological process, ideas are held consciously and openly before action, guiding but not determining the organization of action. g. G e e r t z 1973). It is in ritual that action is systematically formed to ideas and where ideas are made overt objects of reflective consciousness. In ritual, the ideological aspects of culture a r e revealed, as is the cultural basis of ideology. Ideology is a particular organized selection of ideas and p r a c t i c e s within a cultural ensemble or wider cultural terrain (Gjamsci 1§71; Poulantzas 1978:203), which is made a m a t t e r of conscious reflection.
Ge 23 examples of the adoption by a Sinhalese middle class of the ideology of domination of their British rulers and it is a rationalism maintained today in Sri Lanka's continuing subordination to a Western economy and technology. The British claim of a "natural" right to rule was founded in their belief in the advanced stage of their civilization, its basis in a rationality validated in their expansion of scientific knowledge and technological progress. " This view was likely to be incorporated into a Buddhism which was being actively developed by a growing Sinhalese capitalist class whose own power and position, both in relation to the British and to other Sinhalese, was founded in the capitalist order of colonial society.
A celebration of demons: Exorcism and the aesthetics of healing in Sri Lanka by Bruce Kapferer